Ecuador: resounding defeat of Lasso, strengthening of correísmo and the center-left

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The results show enormous popular discontent towards the government of former banker Guillermo Lasso, which gave room for the growth of correísmo.

The government headed by Guillermo Lasso suffered a harsh electoral defeat last Sunday in Ecuador, when its lists lost in the main districts where local and provincial authorities were elected. In addition, he also lost in the eight categories that the ruling party submitted to a referendum.

This is a categorical defeat of the neoliberal government of Lasso, which seriously jeopardizes his chances of re-election in 2025.

The big winners of the day were the candidates of Revolución Ciudadana, a party that responds to former President Rafael Correa. Just as the candidates of Pachakutik, the political arm of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities (CONAIE) who were at the head of last year’s general strikes, also managed to win.

This is one of the best choices that Correísmo made since it left power. Revolución Ciudadana won the mayoralties of the two main cities in the country, Quito and Guayaquil, the latter a historic bastion of the right for more than three decades.

Correísmo also won the governorates of Azuay, Guayas, Imbabura, Manabí, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de las Tsáchilas and Sucumbíos. For their part, the CONAIE candidates won those of Bolívar, Cotopaxi, Morona Santiago, Napo, Santa Elena and Tungurahua.

The results show enormous popular discontent towards the government of former banker Guillermo Lasso, which gave room for the growth of correísmo.

During his administration, not only has a harsh, purely neoliberal economic plan been applied, but drug trafficking has also been on the rise. In fact, the elections took place amidst the commotion over the crime of Omar Menéndez, candidate for mayor of Puerto López, murdered hours before the elections. Menéndez was the most voted candidate.
negative referendum

On election day, they also voted for a series of modifications to the Constitution promoted by the ruling party, summarized in eight questions that had to be voted yes or no. The ‘no’ ended up prevailing in all the questions, dealing a heavy blow to the political initiative of the government.

The reforms were of a different nature. The one that generated the most repercussions was the one that proposed extraditing Ecuadorians involved in crimes in other countries, in a manner analogous to Colombian legislation, which allows Colombian citizens to be extradited to be imprisoned in the US, with the excuse of fighting drug trafficking.

Another of the proposals was to reduce the number of seats in the National Assembly, as well as to modify the electoral law and the legislation that regulates the formation of political parties.

According to Sebastián Donosso, a political analyst quoted by Télam, the Lasso government is 80% unpopular. Faced with such a categorical defeat, some sectors both linked to CONAIE and to correísmo (without going any further, Rafael Correa himself from exile) are demanding that the government call for early elections.

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